The Supreme Court of Virginia approved revised redistricting maps on Dec. 28 that put an end to Democrat Abigail Spanberger’s time as Louisa’s 7th District representative in Congress, and introduce Rep. Bob Good (R) as the incumbent in the new 5th District.
Spanberger announced on Wednesday that she will run next year in the new 7th District, which includes Orange and Spotsylvania counties, but not Louisa. The new district does not include her home turf of Henrico County, but congressional candidates are not required by law to live in the district they serve. If she had run in her home district in 2022, it would have been in the new 1st District, which includes the Tidewater region.
Draft maps issued earlier this month included Louisa County in that district, but the county was shifted to the 5th District after a number of residents complained that Louisa has little to do with Tidewater.
Good is the current congressman for the 5th District.
The 5th District includes Louisa, Fluvanna, Goochland, Buckingham, Nelson, Amherst, Campbell, Appomattox, Prince Edward, Cumberland, Amelia, Nottoway, Charlotte, Lunenburg, Pittsylvania, Halifax, and Mecklenburg counties along with the cities of Lynchburg, Danville, and Charlottesville. This district also includes portions of Albemarle, Bedford, Hanover and Powhatan.
Del. John McGuire, who represents Louisa and lives in Goochland, had intended to run against Spanberger next year in the 7th District. He could run in the 5th District, but he would have to beat Good for the Republican nomination.
The redistricting process occurs every 10 years, the year after the U.S. Census is conducted to provide up-to-date population figures. Voters approved a referendum in 2019 shifting control of redistricting from state legislators to an independent commission.
However, the commission was still plagued by political differences and was unable to draw new maps, so control of the process shifted to the Supreme Court. Two special masters appointed by the court, one Republican and one Democrat, drew the draft and final maps that were presented to the public this month.
The draft maps split Louisa into two districts for the Virginia House of Delegates and Senate. That is still the case with the final maps, except for one small adjustment.
The draft maps showed a district split close to the town of Louisa. The special masters decided to move the district line to the South Anna River as a more natural boundary.
For the state Senate race, the county will be split along the Zion Crossroads and Mechanicsville precinct boundaries, and placed in the 11th District with Albemarle, Nelson, and Amherst counties. The rest of Louisa will be grouped in the 10th District with Hanover, Goochland, Fluvanna, Buckingham, Cumberland, Powhatan, Amelia and Appomattox counties, and a portion of Prince Edward.
Louisa Supervisor Duane Adams (Mineral District) announced on Wednesday that he will run for the 10th District seat.
As for the House of Delegates, Louisa will be split in a similar fashion between the 55th District, with Albemarle and part of Nelson County, and the 59th district, with parts of Hanover and Henrico counties near the Glen Allen area.
If McGuire sticks to the House of Delegates and chooses not to move, he will no longer serve Louisa. His new district will include Goochland, Fluvanna, Cumberland, Buckingham, Appomattox, and part of Prince Edward.
Also removed from serving Louisa are state Senators Bryce Reeves and Mark Peake. Reeves plans to run for Congress in the newly configured 7th District.
Still to be determined is whether a special election for the House of Delegates and state Senate will be scheduled for fall 2022. McGuire was re-elected last month to a two-year term in the existing 56th House district.