District of Columbia v. Heller
  1. - Topic of case: what constitutes a violation of the Second Amendment

- Case decided on: June 26, 2008

- Vote tally: 5–4 decision

- Justices who concurred: John Roberts, Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito

- Justices who dissented: John P. Stevens, David Souter, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer

- Chief Justice at the time: John Roberts

- Majority and dissenting opinions

Washington D.C. Police officer Heller could carry a handgun while on duty, but D.C. law banned registration of handguns for personal use. Heller sued the District of Columbia.

The Court held that requiring handguns to be non-functional in the home—and banning their registration—violated the Second Amendment and didn’t allow people to protect themselves at home. The case established precedent used in McDonald v. Chicago, which determined that Chicago's handgun ban violated an individual's right to keep and bear arms for self-defense.

How this affects you: This case has been widely criticized by modern proponents of gun laws, especially in an era when gun violence and mass shootings have become more common. While this case did not completely eliminate all regulations on guns, it has often been used as an example and a precedent for why a citizen’s Second Amendment right to bear arms should not be limited.

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